Jargon Buster

Jargon Buster



United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is an international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities.

Local Policing

Local Policing is when police officers work with community groups to decide the best ways to tackle crime and keep people safe in their own area. Police officers and staff work with other agencies as well as members of the community themselves, in order to identify the issues most important to the community.

Proactive Engagement

Proactive Engagement means that local Police Officers go out and about in their communities to get to know people. This helps the Police understand what problems different groups of people are most concerned about. It also means that people within the community know exactly who to talk to if they need help.

Diversionary Activities 

Diversionary activities mean giving children and young people the chance to become involved in enjoyable activities with people in their own age group. This might include a youth club, dance group or a sporting club. If children and young people are involved in these positive types of activities, then it’s thought that they are much less likely to get involved in activities that would put them at risk of harm.

Antisocial Activity 

Antisocial activity means any kind of behaviour that can cause harm, alarm or distress to other people. This might include groups of people being very noisy or behaving in a way that makes others uncomfortable. It might also include vandalism or damaging places other people like to go e.g. a local play park.

Early and Effective Intervention (EEI)

Early and Effective Intervention (EEI) is a Scottish Government policy in relation to youth justice for 8 to17 year olds. EEI is a key element of the wider “Whole System Approach”. The aim of the approach is to reduce offending by young people under the age of 18. It should enable timely and proportionate responses to offending behaviour by children and young people.

Whole System Approach

This is the Scottish Government policy on offending by those aged 8 – 17. The ‘whole system’ approach is about identifying at the earliest opportunity when young people are in trouble. It provides a way for early intervention and support, including approaches to deal with young people who continue on to commit more serious offences.


GIRFEC stands for Getting It Right for Every Child. GIRFEC means you:

  • understand what is happening and why
  • have been listened to carefully and your wishes have been heard and understood and taken into consideration
  • feel confident about the help you are getting
  • are appropriately involved in discussions and decisions that affect you
  • can rely on appropriate help being available as soon as possible
  • experience a more straightforward and co-ordinated response from the people working with you

Wellbeing Concerns

Wellbeing sits at the heart of the GIRFEC approach and reflects the need to tailor the support and help that children, young people and their parents are offered to support their wellbeing. A child or young person’s wellbeing is influenced by everything around them and the different experiences and needs they have at different times in their lives. To help the police think about what things make up a person’s wellbeing they use the SHANARRI wellbeing indicators.


The eight wellbeing indicators are:

  • Safe - Protected from abuse, neglect or harm at home, at school and in the community
  • Healthy - Having the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health, access to suitable healthcare and support in learning to make healthy, safe choices
  • Achieving - Being supported and guided in learning and in the development of skills, confidence and self esteem, at home, in school and in the community
  • Nurtured - Having a nurturing place to live in a family setting, with additional help if needed, or, where possible, in a suitable care setting
  • Active - Having opportunities to take part in activities such as play, recreation and sport, which contribute to healthy growth and development, at home, in school and in the community
  • Respected - Having the opportunity, along with carers, to be heard and involved in decisions that affect them
  • Responsible - Having opportunities and encouragement to play active and responsible roles at home, in school and in the community, and where necessary, having appropriate guidance and supervision, and being involved in decisions that affect them • Included - Having help to overcome social, educational, physical and economic inequalities, and being accepted as part of the community in which they live and learn

Corporate Parenting

Corporate Parenting is defined in the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014 as: “the formal and local partnerships between all services responsible for working together to meet the needs of looked after children, young people and care leavers.”