Strategy, policy and direction for Police Scotland is determined by the Force's Senior Leadership Board.

The Chief Constable has overall responsibility for the administration and management of police operations and he is supported by the Force's Chief Police Officers and Senior Police Staff.

Individually they bring a wide range of professional expertise to strategy and policy-making, while collectively they set the agenda that inspires and drives the Force.
 
The Scottish Police Authority (SPA) was established under the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 to maintain policing, promote policing principles and continuous improvement of policing, and to hold the Chief Constable to account for the policing of Scotland.