As set out in the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Bill 2012, the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) is the legal employer of all police staff in Scotland. Some police staff are employed in functions which sit as part of the SPA, such as IT and Forensics, but the majority of police staff fall under the direction and control of the Chief Constable and work in departments which are part of Police Scotland.
Information regarding the number of police officers and staff supporting Police Scotland will be published in the Scottish Police Performance Report (SPPF) which is produced on a quarterly basis.
The first Police Scotland SPPF report will be produced in July 2013. Prior to Police Scotland commencing operation in April 2013, information about the policing landscape, including force strength, land area and population, was included in the Police Service in Scotland Performance Report produced by the Association of Chief Police Officers in Scotland (ACPOS, from 1 April 2013, such details will be captured in the Police Service of Scotland annual reports, which will be published after the end of each financial year.
Police Officers: 17,436
Police Staff: 5,637
Special Constables: 1,404
* Figures supplied by the eight police forces in existence prior to reform, correct as of December 2012. These statistics are calculated on the basis of Full Time Equivalent (FTE) rather than actual headcount with the exception of Special Constables which is based on actual headcount.